This is an analysis of the poem Retirement that begins with:

Hackney'd in business, wearied at that oar,
Which thousands, once fast chain'd to, quit no more,... full text

Elements of the verse: questions and answers

The information we provided is prepared by means of a special computer program. Use the criteria sheet to understand greatest poems or improve your poetry analysis essay.

  • Rhyme scheme: aabbccddXaeeffddffeeccffccbbgghhiijjaaffddccaaeehhXcffeeddffXceeaaeeXXjjhhcckkeeddkkllccaaddhhhhffiiccbbkkcceeeeccllkkeeeeeeddhhiiaaddffiiddmmccddffeeaaeeddhhnneeggddhhkkddddeeeelleXeeaaXcddhheeeecceeeeccffffeekkhheelleeeellaaffooeekkeeeekkkkppiillaaccXec
  • Stanza lengths (in strings): 808,
  • Closest metre: iambic pentameter
  • –°losest rhyme: couplets
  • –°losest stanza type: tercets
  • Guessed form: heroic couplets
  • Metre: 1001010111 1101110111 1111111111 1111011101 0101010101 1101001101 1101010001 0101000101 11010100110 1101011101 1101011111 1011010101 0101000101 1101010101 1101010101 1101011101 1101011101 11011001101 1101010111 01100001101 0101000101 1011010011 1101011101 0101010101 1101110101 1101110001 0101010111 1001011101 1101010111 01100101011 1101111101 0011010101 1100010101 1101010101 11110111001 1101011001 1100100101 0101110011 0101000101 1001010101 010010101001 11010101001 11000101001 11011100101 10010111001 0111011101 1001000111 0101001111 11010101001 01010101001 1101010110 1001011111 0101010101 01001101001 0101001001 1101011101 0101110101 0101010001 1011010001 0101111001 00100011110 0111001101 0101010111 1111010101 1110110101 1111110011 1111011111 11001110101 0101110110 0101010101 1101000111 010101101 1001010001 1101001101 1101011001 01110111001 1101000101 1101000101 0101010101 11110010101 0101110111 0101010101 1101000101 1100010101 1101010101 1001010101 11110011100 1101110101 1101110101 0101011101 11001110011 0111011111 1001100011 11100110101 01111011001 1111011101 1111110101 1101011111 1101000101 11010001101 0100111111 0101010101 0100100101 1111011101 1101110101 1110110111 1101100101 1001010101 11011101010 01010101010 1101110101 0101010101 0101111101 10010010101 1111010111 1111110111 11110011101 0101010101 1011010101 1101010101 11010101001 1111010101 1111000111 10010001010 1001110101 0101010101 0101110101 0101010101 0101001101 0111111100 0101010101 1100011001 0101110001 1001011101 0100010101 01110111001 1101010011 01110100011 1101010101 0101111001 10010101010 010100101010 0101110001 01011101010 1001000101 1111000101 10001010101 1101010101 1000010101 10001110000 0101010101 11110001001 0101101101 1101011111 1101111111 11001110101 01100011001 110010110101 1111010111 0111110001 0101010101 1101011011 1101111101 1001011111 1101010111 0101010101 1100011101 01010001001 1101010101 11010010101 01011101001 10110101001 0101001101 11010100001 1111010101 1101010101 01010010101 1101010101 01111101001 1010011100 0001010101 11010101010 0101010101 1111000101 1100010101 011110110001 0101110010 1101010101 0111110101 1101010101 0101010101 0111110101 10010100111 1001110101 0101010101 0101011001 1101010101 0101010101 1101100101 0110011111 10110111101 0101100011 1111011101 11001111101 11110101101 1101111101 11011111001 1101010001 1101101101 1101010101 1001110101 10001110001 1101000101 0101110101 01001010101 0101001001 0101001101 1101000101 0101110101 1010000101 1101001101 1101100111 1101000111 11001110001 01110001001 1101100001 0101010101 1001110001 1101010101 1111111101 0101010111 0101010101 1101011101 10001110101 1111010101 01001000111 0101011101 1100010011 1001010111 0101110011 11110001001 1001110101 1001110101 0101010101 1011110101 0101110111 1001011101 1101011101 1101010101 1100110011 1100110111 1111001101 1101010010 0101000101 1101011101 1111101100 1001001101 1001110101 11010001001 1101010111 1110000111 01001110101 1101110101 110101111001 1111100101 1001011001 1101010011 1101001001 1001011101 1110010101 0101010101 01000101101 1011001101 0101011101 1001100101 1101110111 01000101001 1111110001 10011010011 0111010110 1101010101 1101000101 11110010011 1110110111 1101111101 1101011101 0100010101 1101010101 1101011101 1101111101 1101110101 1101000101 0101010101 0101010111 1101010101 1101011101 0001110001 1101010111 1100110101 1001110101 0011001101 1101010101 1101110101 1011000101 1110010111 1110110101 1101011101 1101001101 0111001111 1111010101 01010111010 1111010101 1101000101 1101010101 1001110101 0101000101 1001110111 0110010101 1111100101 1111110111 00101000101 1101000101 1111110101 10001010101 1001110101 1101000110 0101011011 1001010101 1101011111 11110111011 1101011111 11010000101 1110000101 1101010101 1011100101 11010101001 1111010101 11000101110 1111000101 1101110101 1111010101 1111111101 11110010101 1110010101 0101010101 01011101001 01010110101 0101010101 0111010101 11010001001 11110001101 11010000111 1110010101 1101011101 11001111011 1101000101 1001001101 10001000101 1001110011 1110011001 0101010001 1101010101 0111010101 1101110101 1101010101 1001010101 11010010111 0111110101 0111001101 0100010101 1111110101 1101001111 101010010001 0101010101 1101011101 1001011101 11010101011 1111011101 0100110011 0100010011 0111110011 1100010101 1101111101 01010010001 0011001101 0101110111 11110101001 1101110111 11110101010 0111111001 1111000101 1101011101 1101010101 0100010001 1101110101 110100101001 0101110111 1101011101 1101011111 0101010101 0101101101 01010010001 1111000101 0101011101 1111000101 0011011101 1101010101 0101010101 1111010110 0101111100 0111010101 0111110101 11010100011 1101010101 1101110111 1011110001 10010010101 1101001101 0111010001 0101110101 1111010111 0101010101 111101001001 1111000101 1011010111 1101011101 10010010110 1101010001 11010101011 1100011111 1101110101 1101000101 0101111101 1111010101 1101000101 1001010101 11010011010 11010101010 1101011101 01001011111 11110101001 1101010111 1101010101 0101011111 0111010101 1111010101 1111110101 1001110001 1101010110 0111111110 11111101010 11110101010 0101111001 1101000101 1110010101 1111100101 1101001101 11001010111 1101011101 1101011101 1100010101 1111111101 01010101011 1001101101 1111011101 01111101001 01010010111 1101110101 0101110101 1101111101 0101110101 0111010101 1111010101 0101000101 11010001001 1001010111 1011000111 1100010101 1001010101 1101110101 0101011101 11001001101 1101011001 0100110101 0101001101 1101110101 11010011101 11010100111 1111011111 0101110101 01011001001 1111000111 1100010111 1101010101 0101010110 0111011111 1111011001 01001010111 1100010101 1110100111 0101001101 0100011101 1100010111 1101010111 1111010110 0101000111 01011101010 11011101010 1111000101 0101011001 1101010011 01001001101 0101000101 1101010101 1101001101 1001011101 11010010101 1110010111 1101110101 0100010111 0101010111 1001110101 1101001101 0101010001 1001010011 10010110001 11001010001 1111110111 1100010101 0100010111 10110010101 01010100101 0111010101 1011010111 1111011101 1101010101 101110101 1001110001 10001011011 1101010011 1101010101 0101010111 0101010101 0111011101 11110001101 0110010111 0101010101 0101010001 11010100001 1101011111 1101010101 01101101101 1101010110 01001010010 1101110001 0110100101 1011011101 1111010101 0101011101 11001010001 1001011001 1101110101 1101010001 01011101010 1101100101 1101000101 1001110001 1101000101 0100010111 1100010101 1101110101 1101010101 1101010111 1101110001 1111011111 1101111101 1001010101 1111110101 00101110100 1101010101 1101010101 1101010101 1111110111 1101010111 11100101001 0111001101 1101110101 1101010101 1101010011 1001110101 0111010101 1101010111 1011010111 1111010101 0100010101 100110011001 11111100111 1101110111 1111011011 1101111101 111100011001 1011110101 1101010101 1101001101 1001010101 0101110101 1111011101 11100010111 11110100101 0101110101 1001001101 11010100001 110100101010 11110100010 0100111101 1001111011 10010010101 0100010001 1101001101 0111000101 1100010101 1101010001 1001010011 0111000110 01001010111 0101000101 1100011101 0101010101 1101001001 1011001101 1101110101 0101111110 1111010101 0101010001 1001110111 1100110101 1100110101 1001010001 1101111111 0110010001 1101110101 1101011101 1111010101 1110010101 1111101110 1101010110 1011010111 0101010001 0100111101 1101010101 0111010101 1001101101 1110110111 1101010101 0100010101 11010010001 1101010101 1100110011 0101000101 1101110111 1011110111 011110101 110111001 1101010101 1101010011 10000100111 1111010101 0110110101 1001010001 1110001101 11010001001 10011010101 1101001101 01001010001 11110011001 1100011101 01011100001 01001100001 1101010101 1101010101 11000011111 1100011101 1111010001 0111001101 1101011101 0101110101 1011010101 1101110101 1001010111 1101000111 1101100011 0101001111 1011110001 010110011 1111001110 010100100011 1110010001 11010000101 1111011101 1001100101 01011101001 0101110101 1001010101 1111000101 1001010101 0111110101 11011111001 1011011111 0101010101 1001011101 1101110010 1101010001 11010100111 0111110101 0101000101 11010011001 1111011101 1101011101 1111011111 1100111101 11110001001 0101010101 10111100011 1101010001 1101000111 1100010101 1111001101 0101110111 110111001001 0101010101 1101111101 0101010111 1101000101 11110001001 1101110111 1001010101 010010101 1101001111 1101000111 1111010101 1111010101 1111010101 1101011101 1101111101 11111001001 1101001101 0101010010 1101001101 1101010111 01001010101 1001010011 1101011101 1101110101 10011001101 11010010101 1101001101 1001010001 1101000101 1001010001 1101010001 1101110101 1100110001 1101011101 1001001101 0101010101 101100100101 1101010101 10111100101 01010101001 0111010101 1011000101 1110010101 1100110111 1101000101 1101011101 10001010101 0101110001 0101010001 1101000101 1001010101 1110110101 0101110101 0101110101 1001010001 0101010101 0100110101 0101001101 0111111101 0101001101 1101110101 01010100010 11010101010 1101000101 0101110101 1101010001 0111111101 0101010001 1101110101 1111010101 1111010101 1100110111 1011010101 0111010101 1101001101 1001100111 0100110101 1111111101 0111011111
  • Amount of stanzas: 1
  • Average number of symbols per stanza: 34625
  • Average number of words per stanza: 6222
  • Amount of lines: 808
  • Average number of symbols per line: 42 (strings are more long than medium ones)
  • Average number of words per line: 8
  • Mood of the speaker:

    The punctuation marks are various. Neither mark predominates.

  • The author used lexical repetitions to emphasize a significant image; of, he, and, to, our, her, its, in, his, with, could, or, she, nor, i, that, d, not, as, it, but, s, some, by, what are repeated.

    The poet used anaphora at the beginnings of some neighboring lines. The same words from, to, the, and, could, till, nor, no, shall, as, her, some, where, hear are repeated.

    There is a poetic device epiphora at the end of some neighboring lines d is repeated).

If you write a school or university poetry essay, you should Include in your explanation of the poem:

  • summary of Retirement;
  • central theme;
  • idea of the verse;
  • history of its creation;
  • critical appreciation.

Good luck in your poetry interpretation practice!

More information about poems by William Cowper