This is an analysis of the poem Burns that begins with:

ON RECEIVING A SPRIG OF HEATHER IN BLOSSOM.
No more these simple flowers belong... full text

Elements of the verse: questions and answers

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  • Rhyme scheme: a bcbc dcdc dede fbfb gcgc hbhb ibib hjhj fbfb fkfk dbdb fifi lclc eXeb gkgk dbdb iiii dcXc ibiX lklk ibib mbmb eXed ikik iiii acac fcfc bdbdXakak
  • Stanza lengths (in strings): 1,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,9,
  • Closest metre: iambic tetrameter
  • –°losest rhyme: alternate rhyme
  • –°losest stanza type: sonnet
  • Guessed form: ballad stanza
  • Metre: 101001010010 111101001 0101110 10010101 1101110 011101110 0101010 010101010 1101010 11011101 01110110 111101001 0101110 01110101 1100010 11010111 0101010 01110111 0101010 011100101 0101010 11010101 0101010 01011111 11001010 11010001 0100010 11010101 1111010 11110101 1101011 110101001 0100011 1101100101 1101010 00110111 1101010 11110101 1111110 11011101 0101010 111101010 1101110 011111110 0101010 11111101 1101010 11011101 1101110 11010101 0111010 11011111 0110010 11010101 0101100 01010001 01001010 11010111 0101110 11011111 01001010 11110101 0011010 01111101 0101010 11011101 0111010 11110101 1111010 110101001 0101010 01111101 1111010 101111111 1101010 11010101 0101100 01011101 0101010 01010101 1111110 10111101 0101010 10010101 0111010 01010111 1101010 11110111 0101010 11110101 0101100 11011111 10001010 01100101 1101010 110100101 1101010 11111101 0101110 11111100 1010010 100111001 0101010 01010101 1101010 11010111 0101010 11011111 0101010 11010111 0101010 01011001 0101110 11010101 111110 11010101 1101010
  • Amount of stanzas: 30
  • Average number of symbols per stanza: 124
  • Average number of words per stanza: 23
  • Amount of lines: 117
  • Average number of symbols per line: 31 (strings are less long than medium ones)
  • Average number of words per line: 6
  • Mood of the speaker:

    The punctuation marks are various. Neither mark predominates.

  • The author used lexical repetitions to emphasize a significant image; and, of are repeated.

    The poet used anaphora at the beginnings of some neighboring lines. The same words the, and, i, new, no are repeated.

    The author used the same words the, i at the beginnings of some neighboring stanzas. The figure of speech is a kind of anaphora.

If you write a school or university poetry essay, you should Include in your explanation of the poem:

  • summary of Burns;
  • central theme;
  • idea of the verse;
  • history of its creation;
  • critical appreciation.

Good luck in your poetry interpretation practice!

More information about poems by John Greenleaf Whittier