This is an analysis of the poem The Present Crisis that begins with:

When a deed is done for Freedom, through the broad earth's aching breast
Runs a thrill of joy prophetic, trembling on from east to west,... full text

Elements of the verse: questions and answers

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  • Rhyme scheme: aabbb XXaaa ccddX eebbb ddaaa ddeee fffff ddggg aaggX ddfff aaddd ggggg hhddX iiggg iibbb XXfff iifff jjfff
  • Stanza lengths (in strings): 5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,
  • Closest metre: iambic pentameter
  • –°losest rhyme: couplets
  • –°losest stanza type: tercets
  • Guessed form: heroic couplets
  • Metre: 101011101011101 1010101010010101 1011001101010111 001010111010001 0010011101010101 1010111010101001 100100101110011 101011100010101 101011101001101 1111100111010101 101010100010101 101000100010101 1011001101010001 011110100011101 101111001000101 111110101110101 101010100110111 101011101010011 1010100101010111 001110111011101 1010011101010001 001010111001101 1111101010010111 101010111010101 101110101110111 111011101110111 101001101010111 101010101110101 1010110111110101 101001100100011 101010101010101 111011100111001 111011101010101 0110111000111111 101010101010111 101010101001101 111000101110101 101010101010101 111010101010101 101010111010101 111000011011101 101111111010101 101011000010101 101001100010101 101110101110101 100011111000101 101011101110101 1000011101011101 1001100101010001 111010101110101 101010101110101 1011111011100001 100011101010101 100010101010101 101011100011101 1110110101011101 101110111010001 101110101010101 001001101011101 111110111010101 101010100110111 1011100100011111 111010101110101 111011101010111 10111110001010100 101001101010101 101010100010001 101011101010101 101010101010101 0110101000100101 111000101010101 001010101011101 100010101001101 1011011101110111 1110111101110101 101001101011000 101111101110101 111111111011111 100010101110101 011011011100101 111110101110011 10001101010111010 111111101101101 0010011010100101 011010101010001 101011101110011 111011101110101 1011101101011100 11110111010100101 101010100011101
  • Amount of stanzas: 18
  • Average number of symbols per stanza: 321
  • Average number of words per stanza: 57
  • Amount of lines: 90
  • Average number of symbols per line: 63 (very long strings)
  • Average number of words per line: 11
  • Mood of the speaker:

    The punctuation marks are various. Neither mark predominates.

  • The author used lexical repetitions to emphasize a significant image; of, in, or, to, that, we, our are repeated.

    The poet used anaphora at the beginnings of some neighboring lines. The same word by is repeated.

    The author used the same word they at the beginnings of some neighboring stanzas. The figure of speech is a kind of anaphora.

If you write a school or university poetry essay, you should Include in your explanation of the poem:

  • summary of The Present Crisis;
  • central theme;
  • idea of the verse;
  • history of its creation;
  • critical appreciation.

Good luck in your poetry interpretation practice!

More information about poems by James Russell Lowell

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