Biography

Gerard Nolst Trenité (20 July 1870, Utrecht - 9 October 1946, Haarlem), was a Dutch observer of English.

Nolst Trenité published under the pseudonym Charivarius (which he pronounced irregularly as [ʃariˈvariəs]). While the pronunciation of his own surname is not obvious (possibly the original French [tʁəniˈte]), he is best known in the English-speaking world for his poem The Chaos which demonstrates many of the idiosyncrasies of English spelling and first appeared as an appendix to his 1920 textbook Drop Your Foreign Accent: engelsche uitspraakoefeningen. The subtitle of the book means "English pronunciation exercises" (this title has the pre-1947 Dutch spelling “engelsche” instead of the currently-accepted usage “Engelse” ).

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