Artur Nabantino Gonçalves de Azevedo was a Brazilian playwright, short story writer, chronicler, journalist and Parnassian poet. He is famous for consolidating in Brazil the "comedy of customs" genre, initiated by Martins Pena. He founded and occupied the 29th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters from 1897 until his death in 1908.
Azevedo was born in the city of São Luís, in Maranhão, to the Portuguese vice-consul in Brazil David Gonçalves de Azevedo and Emília Amália Pinto de Magalhães. He was the older brother of Naturalist novelist Aluísio Azevedo, famous for writing O Mulato, O Cortiço and Casa de Pensão. Azevedo would show a love for theatre since he was a child. Initially working as a salesman, he later got a job at the provincial administration, but was fired for writing satires against the government. He later found a job as an amanuensis in the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture. Later beginning a promissory career as a journalist, he worked for the newspapers A Estação, where he met Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, and Novidades, where he met Alcindo Guanabara, Moreira Sampaio, Olavo Bilac and Coelho Neto. He died in 1908.
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